Speaker:

Dr Frank Jacobs

University of Amsterdam, Swammerdam Institute for Life Sciences (SILS), Science Park 904, The Netherlands

Title: Human-specific NOTCH2NL genes: Possible contributors to human's evolutionary increase in brain size

Abstract: Genetic changes causing dramatic brain size expansion in human evolution have remained elusive. Notch signaling is essential for radial glia stem cell proliferation and a determinant of neuronal number in the mammalian cortex. In this talk, I will discuss our recent discoveries regarding a cluster of human-specific NOTCH-like genes called NOTCH2NL. NOTCH2NL genes emerged in the human genome as a result of a complex series of genomic structural rearrangements, with the last ones marking the birth of NOTCH2NL genes between 4 and 0.5 million years. 2 paralogs of NOTCH2NL are highly expressed in ventricular and outer radial glia cells of the fetal human brain and have varying potencies to influence Notch signaling. Genetic deletion of NOTCH2NL genes in human cortical organoids, as well as the association of the NOTCH2NL locus to brain size abnormalities suggests an important role for NOTCH2NL genes during normal human cortical development in vivo. These discoveries suggest that the creation of NOTCH2NL genes during human evolution may have contributed to the rapid evolution of the larger hominin neocortex, but ironically, this happened at the expense of genomic instability where NOTCH2NL genes were born.

 

About Neuroscience Seminars

Neuroscience seminars at the QBI play a major role in the advancement of neuroscience in the Asia-Pacific region. The primary goal of these seminars is to promote excellence in neuroscience through the exchange of ideas, establishing new collaborations and augmenting partnerships already in place.

The scheduled QBI Neuroscience Seminar series are held on Wednesdays from 11am-12pm in the Level 7 Auditorium of the Queensland Brain Institute, Building 79, St Lucia Campus, The University of Queensland. Additional seminars may be held at other times as listed below.

 

Neuroscience Seminars archive 2005-2016