Speaker:

A/Professor Ethan Scott

Head, Laboratory for Neural Circuits and Behaviour, School of Biomedical Sciences, The University of Queensland

Title: "Whole-brain imaging of sensory processing in larval zebrafish”

Abstract: 

Traditionally, neural activity has been monitored in great detail for one or a few cells (as in electrophysiology) or brain-wide by methods that do not provide single-cell resolution (such as functional MRI). The gap between these techniques has made it difficult to observe activity across large populations of neurons while regarding them as individual units. Because the nervous system is, ultimately, a highly interconnected network of neurons, this represents a major blind spot in our ability to describe the functioning brain.

Our group is interested in the neural mechanisms by which sensory stimuli are encoded and interpreted, and in how inputs from different sensory modalities are integrated in the brain. To address the problem described above, we have adopted optogenetic and microscopic techniques that allow us to perform calcium imaging across the entire zebrafish larval brain at single-cell resolution. In the work presented here, we have applied sensory stimuli to intact, alert larvae while observing the genetically-encoded calcium indicator GCaMP6. With house-built selective plane illumination microscopes (SPIM), we have observed large populations of neurons (~75,000 per animal), representing nearly the entire brain.

In this presentation, I will provide an overview of this approach, including its strengths and limitations.  I will detail novel techniques that we have developed for applying visual, auditory, vestibular, and water flow stimuli to immobilised animals, and will present data on the the neural processing underlying these modalities. I will also introduce our early work in studying integration across modalities.  Finally, I will describe a novel retino-thalamo-collicular visual circuit that we have identified as having a specific role in visually-mediated escape behaviour.
 

About Neuroscience Seminars

Neuroscience seminars at the QBI play a major role in the advancement of neuroscience in the Asia-Pacific region. The primary goal of these seminars is to promote excellence in neuroscience through the exchange of ideas, establishing new collaborations and augmenting partnerships already in place.

The scheduled QBI Neuroscience Seminar series are held on Wednesdays from 11am-12pm in the Level 7 Auditorium of the Queensland Brain Institute, Building 79, St Lucia Campus, The University of Queensland. Additional seminars may be held at other times as listed below.

 

Neuroscience Seminars archive 2005-2018