Speaker:

Professor David Tremethick

Head of the Department of Genome Science, The John Curtin School of Medical Research, Australian National University, Acton, ACT 2601

Title: "What do reproduction and memory have in common? The epigenetic regulator H2A.B"

Abstract:

 It is now clearly established that the central regulator of eukaryotic gene expression is the organization of the genome into chromatin.  Chromatin performs this crucial function by partitioning the genome into domains that are either open and transcriptionally active or closed and repressed. Chromatin is built from nucleosomes (histones plus DNA), the universal repeating protein-DNA complex in all eukaryotic cells. Nucleosome function is dependent upon the composition of the underlying nucleosome. The key way the biochemical composition of the nucleosome is altered is by the substitution of one or more of the core histones with the corresponding histone variant.  Previously, we discovered a new histone variant, H2A.B that displays a unique tissue expression pattern i.e. it is expressed in the testis and the brain. In order to gain mechanistic insights into the role of H2A.B.3 in these different tissues, we took a proteomic approach to identify proteins that specifically interact with H2A.B-containing nucleosomes, analysed its pattern of organisation and expression, uncovered its genomic locations and its relationship with other epigenetic marks, analysed an unexpected interaction with RNA both in vivo and in vitro and most recently, generated a H2A.B mouse knockout. Taken together, our data thus far allows us to propose that H2A.B participates in a novel gene activation and pre-mRNA splicing mechanism that operates uniquely in the testis and brain. 

 

 

 

About Neuroscience Seminars

Neuroscience seminars at the QBI play a major role in the advancement of neuroscience in the Asia-Pacific region. The primary goal of these seminars is to promote excellence in neuroscience through the exchange of ideas, establishing new collaborations and augmenting partnerships already in place.

The scheduled QBI Neuroscience Seminar series are held on Wednesdays from 11am-12pm in the Level 7 Auditorium of the Queensland Brain Institute, Building 79, St Lucia Campus, The University of Queensland. Additional seminars may be held at other times as listed below.

 

Neuroscience Seminars archive 2005-2016