Associate Professor Thomas Burne’s group studies brain development and behaviour in animal models. The group is focussed on investigating the underlying biological basis for schizophrenia, with the goal of finding public health interventions that will alleviate the burden of this disease.
The group has been exploring the impact of developmental vitamin D deficiency on brain development, the impact of adult vitamin D deficiency on brain function and behaviour and, more recently, has been establishing novel ways to assess cognitive behaviour in rodents.
In 2015, the Burne group built on previous research on low prenatal vitamin D (the “sunshine hormone”) to show that adult vitamin D deficiency is also associated with alterations in behaviour, brain neurochemistry and receptor profiles. They have discovered that low vitamin D levels during adulthood affect the balance of excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmitters in the brain, and also alter cognitive behaviour in rodents. These results provide the first evidence in mice to show that adult vitamin D deficiency impacts on neurotransmitter systems that are affected in a number of neuropsychiatric conditions, including autism, schizophrenia and depression.
Ongoing NHMRC funding allows the group to dissect the exact neural pathways involved in cognitive impairments of attentional processing in vitamin D–deficient animals to model the cognitive symptoms of schizophrenia.
The Burne group has also created and validated a unique cognitive task for rodents that mirrors the continuous performance task in humans. The group’s goal is to provide a novel tool for cognitive research in rodents and to uncover more about the pathophysiology and drug treatment of cognitive symptoms in schizophrenia.
Turner, Karly M., Young, Jared W., McGrath, John J., Eyles, Darryl W. and Burne, Thomas H. J. (2013) Cognitive performance and response inhibition in developmentally vitamin D (DVD)-deficient rats. Behavioural Brain Research,242 1: 47-53. doi:10.1016/j.bbr.2012.12.029
Groves, Natalie J., Kesby, James P., Eyles, Darryl W., McGrath, John J., Mackay-Sim, Alan and Burne, Thomas H. J. (2013) Adult vitamin D deficiency leads to behavioural and brain neurochemical alterations in C57BL/6J and BALB/c mice. Behavioural Brain Research, 241 1: 120-131. doi:10.1016/j.bbr.2012.12.001
Eyles, Darryl, Burne, Thomas H. J. and McGrath, John J. (2013) Vitamin D, effects on brain development, adult brain function and the links between low levels of vitamin D and neuropsychiatric disease. Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology,34 1: 47-64. doi:10.1016/j.yfrne.2012.07.001
Flatscher-Bader, T., Foldi, C. J., Chong, S., Whitelaw, E., Moser, R. J., Burne, T. H. J., Eyles, D. W. and McGrath, J. J. (2011) Increased de novo copy number variants in the offspring of older males. Translational Psychiatry, 1 Article # e34: . doi:10.1038/tp.2011.30
Burne, T. H. J., Scott, E., van Swinderen, B., Hilliard, M., Reinhard, J., Claudianos, C., Eyles, D. W. and McGrath, J. J. (2011) Big ideas for small brains: What can psychiatry learn from worms, flies, bees and fish?. Molecular Psychiatry,16 1: 7-16. doi:10.1038/mp.2010.35
McGrath, John J., Burne, Thomas H., Feron, Francois, Mackay-Sim, Allan and Eyles, Darryl W. (2010) Developmental vitamin D deficiency and risk of schizophrenia: A 10-year update. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 36 6: 1073-1078. doi:10.1093/schbul/sbq101
McGrath, John J., Eyles, Darryl W., Pedersen, Carsten B., Anderson, Cameron, Ko, Pauline, Burne, Thomas H., Norgaard-Pedersen, Bent, Hougaard, David M. and Mortensen, Preben B. (2010) Neonatal vitamin D status and risk of schizophrenia: A population-based case-control study. Archives of General Psychiatry, 67 9: 889-894. doi:10.1001/archgenpsychiatry.2010.110
Foldi, Claire J., Eyles, Darryl W., McGrath, John J. and Burne, Thomas H. J. (2010) Advanced paternal age is associated with alterations in discrete behavioural domains and cortical neuroanatomy of C57BL/6J mice. European Journal of Neuroscience, 31 3: 556-564. doi:10.1111/j.1460-9568.2010.07074.x
Saha, Sukanta, Barnett, Adrian G., Foldi, Claire, Burne, Thomas H., Eyles, Darryl W., Buka, Stephen L. and McGrath, John J. (2009) Advanced paternal age is associated with impaired neurocognitive outcomes during infancy and childhood. PLoS Medicine, 6 3: 0303-0311. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1000040
Murrell, Wayne, Wetzig, Andrew, Donnellan, Michael, Féron, François, Burne, Tom, Meedeniya, Adrian, Kesby, James, Bianco, John, Perry, Chris, Silburn, Peter and Mackay-Sim, Alan (2008) Olfactory mucosa is a potential source for autologous stem cell therapy for Parkinson's disease. Stem Cells, 26 8: 2183-2192. doi:10.1634/stemcells.2008-0074
O'Loan, Jonathan, Eyles, Darryl W., Kesby, James, Ko, Pauline, McGrath, John J. and Burne, Thomas H. J. (2007) Vitamin D deficiency during various stages of pregnancy in the rat: Its impact on development and behavior in adult offspring. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 32 3: 227-234. doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2006.12.006
Kesby, James P., Burne, Thomas H.J., McGrath, John J. and Eyles, Darryl W. (2006) Developmental vitamin D deficiency alters MK 801-induced hyperlocomotion in the adult rat: An animal model of schizophrenia. Biological Psychiatry, 60 6: 591-596. doi:10.1016/j.biopsych.2006.02.033
Voltage gated calcium channels and vitamin D: exploring the convergent links between risk factors for schizophrenia
(2016–2019) NHMRC Project Grant
Delayed radial glial maturation linked to NFI deficiency as an underlying cause of cortical defects in humans and mice
(2016–2018) NHMRC Project Grant
Does adult vitamin D deficiency increase vulnerability to social stress resulting in altered brain function?
(2015–2017) NHMRC Project Grant
Adult vitamin D deficiency and cognitive dysfunction in a mouse model
(2014–2017) NHMRC Project Grant
The Developmental vitamin D-deficiency animal model of schizophrenia: Critical window for intervention and optimal dose
(2014–2017) NHMRC Project Grant
- Professor John McGrath, The University of Queensland
- Associate Professor Darryl Eyles, The University of Queensland
- Professor Alan Mackay-Sim, Griffith University
- Dr Amy Johnston, Griffith University
- Dr Tim Karl, Prince of Wales Medical Research Institute
- Associate Professor Chao Deng, University of Wollongong
- Professor Fred Meunier, The University of Queensland
- Associate Professor Karen Moritz, The University of Queensland
- Dr Ethan Scott, The University of Queensland
- Dr Suyinn Chong, Mater Research
- Associate Professor Bruno van Swinderen, The University of Queensland