Dr. Hari Subramanian completed his PhD in 2005 in Systems Neuroscience from The University of Sydney. He has since held a postdoctoral position at the Nobel Institute for Neurophysiology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm; a tenure-track Assistant Professorship at The University of Groningen, The Netherlands; a Senior Fellowship at the University of Leeds and a Senior Research Officer position at the Florey Institute, University of Melbourne. Dr. Subramanian currently holds a Senior Research Fellow position at the University of Queensland, Queensland Brain Institute (QBI), Asia-Pacific Centre for Neuromodulation. In this position he heads the DBS Neuromodulation & Systems Neuroscience laboratory with a focus on the role of the midbrain periaqueductal gray (PAG ) in autonomic control and the treatment of neurogenic autonomic disorders (respiratory, vocalization, cardiovascular and urinary) via DBS neuromodulation. His lab also investigates various areas pertaining to neuro-otolaryngology including vocalization and speech disorders.